El Salvador Gangs

14 August 2012

Großflächige Bandenkriege haben El Salvador zu einem der gewalttätigsten Länder Amerikas gemacht. Eine am 9. März von den wichtigsten Bandenchefs vereinbarte Waffenruhe scheint Erfolg zu haben. In der ersten Hälfte des Jahres sanken die Zahl der Morde um 32 Prozent und die Zahl der Entführungen um 50 Prozent.

San Salvador, El Salvador

Leading members of Mara Salvatrucha-13, one of El Salvador’s largest gangs. 

 

Large-scale gang warfare has made El Salvador one of the most violent countries in the Americas. But on 9 March, leaders of the country’s two most powerful gangs agreed a truce, saying that the situation was getting out of hand, especially when it came to youth in their own communities.

The leaders of Barrio 18 and Mara Salvatrucha-13 pledged to put a brake on violence and to stop recruiting adolescent members. The government agreed to transfer 30 prisoners held in maximum-security jails to less restrictive institutions.

The truce appeared to have some success. Homicides in the first part of the year were down 32 percent, and kidnappings dropped by half. On 14 April, El Salvador recorded its first day in three years without a murder.

La guerra de las pandillas ha convertido a El Salvador en el país más violento de América, pero una tregua acordada entre los líderes de las pandillas más importantes parece haber surtido efecto. Los homicidios, en la primera mitad del año, se redujeron en un 32 por ciento, y los secuestros, a la mitad.

La guerre intensive des gangs a fait du Salvador l’un des pays les plus violents des Amériques. Néanmoins, une trêve conclue le 9 mars entre des leaders de gangs semble avoir du succès. Le taux d’homicides a baissé de 32 % dans la première partie de l’année et celui des kidnappings, de moitié.

Una guerra fra gang su larga scala ha reso El Salvador uno dei paesi più violenti delle Americhe. Pare, però, che una tregua concordata il 9 marzo fra i capi delle principali bande abbia dato i suoi frutti. Nella prima parte dell’anno gli omicidi sono diminuiti del 32% e i rapimenti dimezzati.

Omvangrijke bendeoorlogen maken El Salvador een van de gewelddadigste landen van het Amerikaanse continent. Op 9 maart sloten de belangrijkste bendeleiders echter een bestand dat succes lijkt te hebben. In het eerste deel van het jaar daalde het aantal moorden met 32 procent en halveerde het aantal ontvoeringen.

A guerra de gangues em grande escala fez de El Salvador um dos países mais violentos da América; no entanto, uma trégua acordada entre líderes dos gangues principais, em 9 de Março, pareceu ter algum êxito. Os homicídios na primeira parte do ano caíram 32% e os sequestros diminuíram para metade.

Location

San Salvador, El Salvador

Tomas Munita
Nationality:
Chile
About:
Tomás Munita, born in Chile in 1975, is a documentary photographer primarily interested in social issues. His work focuses on Latin America, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
Commissioner:
for The New York Times