Terence Pepper trained as a lawyer and librarian before joining the National Portrait Gallery in 1975. Since 1978, he has been the curator of photographs and an exhibition organizer at the gallery. His first exhibition was Camera Portraits by E.O. Hoppé (1978). Since then he has organized a wide range of exhibitions on individual photographers who took iconic portraits, including Norman Parkinson (1981), Helmut Newton and Alice Springs (1988), Lewis Morley (1989), Clarence Sinclair Bull (1989), Dorothy Wilding (1991), James Abbe (1995) Henri Cartier-Bresson (1998), Horst (2001), Cecil Beaton (2004) and Angus McBean (2006). His group shows include Edwardian Women Photographers, High Society: Photographs 1897-1914, and Icons of Pop (1999). In 2008 he co-curated Vanity Fair Portraits, winning the Lucie Award for curator of the year, together with David Friend. Most recently, Pepper curated the exhibition Beatles to Bowie: The 60s Exposed. He was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society, and awarded an OBE for services to photography and art, in 2002, and is an annual judge for the National Portrait Gallery's Photographic Portrait Prize.